## Average node depth in a Full Tree

May 14, 2013

While doing something else I stumbled upon the interesting problem of computing the average depth of nodes in a tree. The depth of a node is the distance that separates that node from the root. You can either decide that the root is at depth 1, or you can decide that it is at depth zero, but let’s decide on depth 1. So an immediate child of the root is at depth two, and its children at depth 3, and so on until you reach leaves, nodes with no children.

So the calculation of the average node depth (including leaves) in a tree comes interesting when we want to know how far a constructed tree is from the ideal full tree, as a measure of (application-specific) performance. After searching a bit on the web, I found only incomplete or incorrect formulas, or stated with proof. This week, let us see how we can derive the result without (too much) pain.

## The 10 (classes of) Algorithms Every Programmer Must Know About

December 23, 2008

In Tunnels of Doom!, I wrote that the disjoint sets algorithm is one of the very few algorithms every programmer should know. That got me thinking. Should? What about must? If everyone must know about disjoint sets, what other algorithms must every programmer know about?

I made a “top ten” list of algorithms and data structures every programmer must know about.